March 24, 1975 – It what would be the final chapter in the long history of the Vietnam war, the North Vietnamese Politburo orders the start of the Ho Chi Minh Campaign whose objective was to celebrate the Vietnamese leader’s birthday (September 2nd) in Saigon. As part of the 1973 Paris Peace Accord, then President Nixon had promised to come to the defense of the South Vietnamese if the North where to attack. After Nixon’s resignation on August 9, 1974, the North Vietnamese started a series of smaller campaigns in December 1974. With Nixon gone, the United States did nothing. With ever-increasing momentum, the North Vietnamese regulars and Viet Cong guerrillas moved south and east eventually leaving only the area around Saigon. On March 24th they moved in for the kill and would eventually take Saigon April 30, well ahead of their objective. On May 1st, the city of Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City in honor of the father of the now united Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Category Archives: 1970s
“Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.”
This seemingly innocuous 24 word sentence would become a passionately debated Amendment to our Constitution. Although the 19th Amendment, passed in 1920, guaranteed women the right to vote, Alice Paul penned the initial draft in 1923. It was argued that women would need additional guarantees that they would have equal treatment under the law. For almost 50 years the matter was debated by both parties and lived and died in Congress several times. In 1970, The National Organization for Woman stepped up the campaign and the resolution was passed by Congress but would need to be ratified by the States. Initially, ratification was swift with 30 states approving. But opposition mounted and by 1979 35 of the necessary 38 states had approved the Amendment. Political maneuvering has attempted to keep alive the Amendment which remains unratified to this day.
Based on the best-selling novel by Mario Puzo, Francis Ford Coppola captivates the world with his screen adaptation. Almost 3 hours long, this is the story of the Corleone family, an Italian-American involved in organized crime in the 1940s and 50s. It is considered by many as among the very best films ever made and went on the win Best Picture in the 1972 Oscars.
March 3, 1965 – The Temptations, one of the longest running musical acts in the world, scored their first Number One hit with “My Girl”. Their classic sound and smooth choreography made them unique on the world stage. The original five members had been in and out of different groups over the years. Finally they agreed to the name Temptations while on the steps of Motown’s offices. A final personnel change in 1964 gave us the “Classic Five” who scored big the Smokey Robinson’s “My Girl” which has remained their signature song. Considered by many to be among the founding father of Soul, the Temptations have endured and prevailed though countless changes in popular music with over 20 different men joining the group at one time or another. Today, original group member Otis Williams continues to record and tour with the group.
March 2, 1972 – The Pioneer 10 Space Probe blasts off from Cape Canaveral. The first spacecraft to leave our solar system, (which it did on June 13, 1983) the Pioneer 10 is now somewhere out in interstellar space headed in the direction of the Aldebaran which it should reach in another 2 million years or so. We lost contact in 2003. Aboard is this plaque meant to give our neighbors some idea of who we are and where they can find us.
February 29, 1960 – The Family Circus, including Bil, Thelma, Billy, Dolly, Jeffy and P.J., first debuted in American newspapers through King Feature Syndicate. The vision of Bill Kean, the strip is based, in part, on his life with his wife and children. Originally the Family Circle, the name was changed after Family Circle magazine objected.
Keane was originally from Philadelphia and taught himself to draw duplicating the style of cartoons in the New Yorker while attending Northeast High School for Boys. He Served in World War II and met and married his bride in Brisbane, Australia. Returning to the U.S., he eventually settled in Paradise Valley, AZ and gave birth to his strip. In reality, Kean had five children, Gayle, Neal, Glen, Christopher and Jeff. Sadly, Thel, the real “Mommy” died in 2008 from complications of Alzheimer’s. Bill passed in 2011 from heart failure and the strip was taken over by youngest son Jeff. In addition to The Family Circus, Keane also published Channel Chuckles from 1954 to 1977. The Family Circus remains one of the most popular cartoons of all time, considered the most syndicated comic strip in the world, and has lived alongside the major events of our time for more than 50 years.